Topographic maps of the moon

日本語版
National Astronomical Observatory of Japan
Geospatial Information Authority of Japan
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency

New! Red relief image maps

The maps published here (red relief image maps) have been produced by Mr. Tatsuro Chiba from Asia Air Survey, using a method of a red relief image map he developed, as part of the research into map presentation conducted by Geospatial Information Authority of Japan (GSI).

For information regarding red relief image maps, please visit the website of Asia Air Survey (in Japanese).

(a) Freely rotatable red relief image maps of the moon globe

Freely rotatable red relief image maps of the moon globe

KMZ (compressed KML)24MB
About Cesium
Geographical names and pole positions have been indicated with arrows
Geographical names and pole positions have been indicated with arrows.
A rabbit on the moon, an oriental interpretation of moon image
A rabbit on the moon, an oriental interpretation of moon image

(b) Still images and freely rotatable bird's-eye views

In order to browse the bird's-eye views, please use IE11, Google Chrome or Firefox on Windows (requiring Windows 7 or above), or Safari or Firefox on Mac. In some cases, the maps may not function due to hardware environment, etc. Bird's-eye views are highlighted in the direction of elevation.

Mare Orientale
Mare Orientale
Its bird's-eye view
South Pole–Aitken Basin
South Pole–Aitken Basin
Its bird's-eye view
Mare Nectaris
Mare Nectaris
Its bird's-eye view
Hertzsprung
Hertzsprung
Its bird's-eye view
Freundlich-Sharonov Basin
Freundlich-Sharonov Basin
Its bird's-eye view
Vallis Bouvard
Vallis Bouvard
Its bird's-eye view
Mare Imbrium
Mare Imbrium
Its bird's-eye view
enlarged view of Sinus Iridum
Geographical names dose not indicate the whole or main part of the said still images, but show the central area typically.

With regards to red relief image maps, we have received the following comments from Dr. Hiroshi Araki of the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, who was the project leader on KAGUYA's LALT that acquired the original data on which the maps published here are based.

Using red relief image maps, we can clearly confirm overlapping lunar craters and complex structure of lava layers in the lunar maria. Their topographic decipherability is greatly improved compared with the traditional maps. Thanks to recent lunar explorations such as KAGUYA and LRO (a lunar orbiting probe launched by NASA), global and accurate lunar topographic data with 10m or less horizontal resolution have become accessible for the last several years. Such high-resolution data with the red relief image map will be helpful for the systematic search and confirmation of new topographic features, which may lead to a great impact on the understanding of the formation history of lunar topography.

1. Introduction

The Laser Altimeter (LALT) installed onboard the KAGUYA (SELENE) moon-orbiting satellite of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) has acquired enough elevation data to cover the entirety of the moon. By analyzing this data, the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ) has produced measurement point coordinates and elevation data. Geospatial Information Authority of Japan (GSI) has used this data to produce topographic maps of the moon, etc.

2. Topographic maps of the moon

These topographic maps of the moon were produced using data covering a period of two weeks. The layout fits the A3 size. Please beware that maps in gray characters contain large volumes of data.

Projection,
etc.
Outline Display
(gif/png)
Download
(zipped tiff)
stereographic*1 stereographic   25dpi ( 68KB,  413× 292)
  50dpi (221KB,  827× 584)
 100dpi (703KB, 1653×1169)
 200dpi (2.1MB, 3306×2338)
 400dpi (4.6MB, 6613×4676)
 800dpi (7.9MB,13225×9350)
  25dpi (150KB,  413× 292)
  50dpi (507KB,  827× 584)
 100dpi (1.6MB, 1653×1169)
 200dpi (4.2MB, 3306×2338)
 400dpi (7.1MB, 6613×4676)
 800dpi (8.9MB,13225×9350)
shaded
stereographic*1
shaded stereographic   25dpi (187KB,  413× 292)
  50dpi (681KB,  827× 584)
 100dpi (2.5KB, 1653×1169)
 200dpi (8.6MB, 3306×2338)
 400dpi(26.3MB, 6613×4676)
 800dpi(67.5MB,13225×9350)
  25dpi (197KB,  413× 292)
  50dpi (726KB,  827× 584)
 100dpi (2.6MB, 1653×1169)
 200dpi (8.8MB, 3306×2338)
 400dpi(24.8MB, 6613×4676)
 800dpi(54.4MB,13225×9350)
pale
stereographic*1
pale stereographic   25dpi (183KB,  413× 292)
  50dpi (647KB,  827× 584)
 100dpi (2.2MB, 1653×1169)
 200dpi (7.0MB, 3306×2338)
 400dpi(18.1MB, 6613×4676)
 800dpi(28.8MB,13225×9350)
  25dpi (163KB,  413× 292)
  50dpi (569KB,  827× 584)
 100dpi (1.9MB, 1653×1169)
 200dpi (5.8MB, 3306×2338)
 400dpi(11.9MB, 6613×4676)
 800dpi(17.6MB,13225×9350)
stereographic*1
(in English)
stereographic in English   25dpi (73KB,  413× 292)
  50dpi (234KB,  827× 584)
 100dpi (727KB, 1653×1169)
 200dpi (2.2MB, 3306×2338)
 400dpi(4.8MB, 6613×4676)
 800dpi(8.1MB,13225×9350)
  25dpi (157KB,  413× 292)
  50dpi (525KB,  827× 584)
 100dpi (1.6MB, 1653×1169)
 200dpi (4.2MB, 3306×2338)
 400dpi(7.2MB, 6613×4676)
 800dpi(9.0MB,13225×9350)
Mercator*1
Mercator   25dpi ( 81KB,  413× 292)
  50dpi (263KB,  827× 584)
 100dpi (775KB, 1653×1169)
 200dpi (2.2MB, 3306×2338)
 400dpi (4.8MB, 6613×4676)
 800dpi (8.7MB,13225×9350)
  25dpi (177KB,  413× 292)
  50dpi (580KB,  827× 584)
 100dpi (1.7MB, 1653×1169)
 200dpi (4.2MB, 3306×2338)
 400dpi (7.0MB, 6613×4676)
 800dpi (9.4MB,13225×9350)
Hammer*2
Hammer   25dpi ( 72KB,  413× 292)
  50dpi (230KB,  827× 584)
 100dpi (739KB, 1653×1169)
 200dpi (2.2MB, 3306×2338)
 400dpi (4.8MB, 6613×4676)
 800dpi (8.8MB,13225×9350)
  25dpi (160KB,  413× 292)
  50dpi (545KB,  827× 584)
 100dpi (1.7MB, 1653×1169)
 200dpi (4.4MB, 3306×2338)
 400dpi (7.7MB, 6613×4676)
 800dpi (11.1MB,13225×9350)
Equidistant
Cylindrical*3
Equidistant Cylindrical   25dpi ( 77KB,  413× 292)
  50dpi (245KB,  827× 584)
 100dpi (758KB, 1653×1169)
 200dpi (2.2MB, 3306×2338)
 400dpi (4.6MB, 6613×4676)
 800dpi (8.0MB,13225×9350)
  25dpi (170KB,  413× 292)
  50dpi (569KB,  827× 584)
 100dpi (1.7MB, 1653×1169)
 200dpi (4.2MB, 3306×2338)
 400dpi (6.8MB, 6613×4676)
 800dpi (8.9MB,13225×9350)

*1 The stereographic projection and the Mercator projection are the conformal projection (in which angles are correct). In the conformal projection, microscopic circles (in practical terms, circles that are not very large) on the moon's surface appear as circles even in maps. Therefore, craters appear to be round. In the stereographic projection in particular, all circles on the moon's surface appear to be perfectly round even on maps.

*2 The Hammer projection is the projection that has relatively little angular distortion even among equal-area projections (in which the area is correct).

*3 The Equidistant Cylindrical projection is the projection in which the lengths are correct in accordance with the equator and all meridians. Latitude and longitude have been used as coordinates on the maps without modification.

3. Comparison with existing data

For reference, we are also publishing comparisons with topographic maps produced from former data (ULCN 2005) using the same methods. It can be seen that the Laser Altimeter onboard the KAGUYA satellite is capturing detailed topography.

Original
Data
Outline Display
(gif)
Download
(zipped tiff)
the Laser Altimeter
onboard the KAGUYA
January 7-20, 2008

(shows again)
the Laser Altimeter onboard the KAGUYA January 7-20, 2008   25dpi ( 68KB,  413× 292)
  50dpi (221KB,  827× 584)
 100dpi (703KB, 1653×1169)
 200dpi (2.1MB, 3306×2338)
 400dpi (4.6MB, 6613×4676)
 800dpi (7.9MB,13225×9350)
  25dpi (150KB,  413× 292)
  50dpi (507KB,  827× 584)
 100dpi (1.6MB, 1653×1169)
 200dpi (4.2MB, 3306×2338)
 400dpi (7.1MB, 6613×4676)
 800dpi (8.9MB,13225×9350)
former data
(ULCN 2005)
former data(ULCN 2005)   25dpi ( 60KB,  413× 292)
  50dpi (178KB,  827× 584)
 100dpi (509KB, 1653×1169)
 200dpi (1.4MB, 3306×2338)
 400dpi (2.8MB, 6613×4676)
 800dpi (4.8MB,13225×9350)
  25dpi (124KB,  413× 292)
  50dpi (366KB,  827× 584)
 100dpi (1.0MB, 1653×1169)
 200dpi (2.4MB, 3306×2338)
 400dpi (4.3MB, 6613×4676)
 800dpi (5.4MB,13225×9350)

4. Anaglyphs

Anaglyphs are maps that appear to be three-dimensional when viewed through anaglyph glasses. For details regarding anaglyph glasses, please see the "Reference pages" (Japanese only) at the end of this page. The stereographic projection is used as the map projection for these maps.

view
point
Outline Display
(gif)
Download
(zipped tiff)
The near side The near side   75dpi (370KB,  450× 450)
 150dpi (1.2MB,  900× 900)
 300dpi (3.6MB, 1800×1800)
 600dpi(10.9MB, 3601×3601)
  75dpi (424KB,  450× 450)
 150dpi (1.4MB,  900× 900)
 300dpi (4.5MB, 1800×1800)
 600dpi(13.0MB, 3601×3601)
The far side The far side   75dpi (405KB,  450× 450)
 150dpi (1.3MB,  900× 900)
 300dpi (4.2MB, 1800×1800)
 600dpi(13.0MB, 3601×3601)
  75dpi (484KB,  450× 450)
 150dpi (1.7MB,  900× 900)
 300dpi (5.4MB, 1800×1800)
 600dpi(16.4MB, 3601×3601)
North pole North pole   75dpi (370KB,  450× 450)
 150dpi (1.2MB,  900× 900)
 300dpi (3.7MB, 1800×1800)
 600dpi(11.2MB, 3601×3601)
  75dpi (431KB,  450× 450)
 150dpi (1.5MB,  900× 900)
 300dpi (4.7MB, 1800×1800)
 600dpi(13.8MB, 3601×3601)
South pole South pole   75dpi (388KB,  450× 450)
 150dpi (1.3MB,  900× 900)
 300dpi (3.9MB, 1800×1800)
 600dpi(12.0MB, 3601×3601)
  75dpi (457KB,  450× 450)
 150dpi (1.6MB,  900× 900)
 300dpi (5.0MB, 1800×1800)
 600dpi(14.9MB, 3601×3601)
East East   75dpi (349KB,  450× 450)
 150dpi (1.3KB,  900× 900)
 300dpi (4.0MB, 1800×1800)
 600dpi(12.2MB, 3601×3601)
  75dpi (462KB,  450× 450)
 150dpi (1.6MB,  900× 900)
 300dpi (5.1MB, 1800×1800)
 600dpi(15.0MB, 3601×3601)
West West   75dpi (380KB,  450× 450)
 150dpi (1.2MB,  900× 900)
 300dpi (3.8MB, 1800×1800)
 600dpi(11.6MB, 3601×3601)
  75dpi (445KB,  450× 450)
 150dpi (1.5MB,  900× 900)
 300dpi (4.9MB, 1800×1800)
 600dpi(14.3MB, 3601×3601)

5. Topographic maps using data covering period of 8 months (copy for printing)

This is digital data of copy for printing maps. Please use GIF or PDF to browse. When producing YMCK data for printing, please use the EPS (RGB) files listed below. Please beware that these maps contain large volumes of data. Map scale descriptions (1:12,500,000 etc.) are based on the assumption of output at a size of A0 (to be exact, A0 size + length and width 1cm). Please beware that this will not be exactly as stated when outputting at smaller sizes.

A0-size manuscript of the topographic map (PDF, 37MB)
A0-size manuscript of the topographic map (zipped EPS, 372MB)
A0-size manuscript of the topographic map (without annotation, PDF, 37MB)
A0-size manuscript of the topographic map (without annotation, zipped EPS, 375MB)
A0-size manuscript of the topographic map (degraded GIF, 4.9MB)

6. Videos of moon in rotation

Please beware that these maps contain large volumes of data.
Around the equator ( S ) (animation GIF, 0.5MB)
Around the equator ( M ) (animation GIF, 2.6MB)
Around the equator ( L ) (animation GIF, 11MB)
Around the equator (XL) (animation GIF, 57MB)

7. Reference pages